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Jackson Street

Jackson Street Commercial District
Town Tavern
Town Tavern operated from 1955-1959. Became New Town Tavern (1959-1970).
Cotton Club
Cotton Club operated from 1943 to 1957.

Las Vegas Pioneer Trail Marker 9 reads:

Commerce on the Westside was short lived, collapsing in 1905 when rival Las Vegas Townsite opened on the east side of the railroad tracks. In 1942, the Westside defined a new commercial district to serve the ethnic population of the area.

The new zone, locally known as "Jackson Street," covered two blocks, from D to F Streets along Jackson and Van Buren. In July 1942, permit requests on file included a grocery store, barbershop, beauty shop, recreation center, restaurant, drug store and gas station. Las Vegas was a segregated town by then, and Westside residents needed mundane services as well as places to recreate.

Shows and performers lit up the district in the late night hours. Numerous bars and hotels opened here: Carver House (later the Cove), Hotel Jackson, Harlem Club, Ebony Club, Cotton Club, Brown Derby, El Morocco, Louisiana Club and many more. Whites and blacks mingled here in a lively atmosphere. Black professionals opened offices on the Westside, and dozens of churches took root.

In 1960 civil rights activists finally succeeded in breaking down restrictions that kept blacks out of Las Vegas casinos, and many people chose to spend their time and money outside the neighborhood. Ironically, the civil rights victory caused Westside commerce to decline. Many small businesses here closed. Shuttered buildings and empty lots give no clue to the vibrant life that once existed here. The New Town Tavern at Jackson and F streets is the sole survivor of this exciting time.

Westside Legacy Park marker reads:

One aspect of the physical segregation of West Las Vegas was the development of a vibrant and self contained community with all of the businesses and services the residents needed.

In many ways Jackson Commercial District was the economic lifeblood of the Westside community. From small businesses like dry cleaners, restaurants, barbershops, and beauty shops to entertainment venues like the Town Tavern, Louisiana Club, the Cotton Club, Brown Derby, and others. Jackson Street offered a diverse collection of services.

With the broader city leaving the westside to its own devices, zoning was not enforced. Many of the residents in the neighborhood operated businesses and boarding spaces on the same property as their homes, engaging in the "live/work" trend long before its popularity in our current time.

Located in Historic West Las Vegas.

Located on Jackson Avenue from H Street to D Street.